Extraction and access routes

Access routes are created to transport harvested timber from the forest to the respective loading areas. These tracks are usually unpaved roads which are maintained or kept available for long periods for accessing forest stands.
A conventional strategy here is to manually create these paths. However, the problems with this method include removal of timber and the issue of stumps. Mulching "disintegrates" these two problems. The chopped biomass is scattered on the ground and gives the forest soil precious added nutrients. In addition, stumps are processed and do not restrict future use of the land.