Re-cultivation is the exploitation of land for economic purposes, such as plantations or agriculture. Soil preparation is a common feature of this process.

In many cases, re-cultivation is closely related with the clearance of large areas or forest clearance and also the shredding of stumps and root material. This can either involve secondary vegetation or trees. A mulcher is used to process vegetation on the surface. A rotorvator is then used to deal with any remaining vegetation or stumps which are still in the ground, which are then combined with the mulched material and mixed into the soil.